ANZAC Day 2013: The Symbols of Remembrance

Here  are a number of symbols and rituals which are a central feature of  ANZAC Day.

The Red Poppy

Red poppies were a common feature of World War One battlefields in both Europe and Asia. They have become a symbol of remembrance for those who died in war and those still serving. The Friday preceding Anzac Day each year is usually the day that red poppies are sold by volunteers. New Zealand’s first Poppy Day was held in 1922, when artificial poppies were sold to assist needy soldiers and their families. Ever since, the proceeds from Poppy Day have been used for the RSA’s welfare service. In other countries, Poppy Day occurs near Armistice Day (11 November) to mark the end of the First World War.

Poppy field, Somme battlefield

War memorials & secular ceremonies
Many Anzac Day ceremonies occur at war memorials. There are nearly 500 First World War memorials in New Zealand, most of which were erected in the 1920s. Until that time, the ceremonies took place in public buildings or churches, and sometimes had a strong religious focus. Many of these memorials will remember all service personal from the local area who died during war.

War memorials often symbolise remembrance, service and sacrifice. These themes, rather than a more religious message, emerged once Anzac Day ceremonies were held at memorials from the 1920s.

Citizens Memorial, Christchurch

The dawn service A typical commemoration begins with a march by returned service personnel before dawn to the local war memorial. Military personnel and returned servicemen and women form up about the memorial, joined by other members of the community. Pride of place goes to war veterans.

A short service follows with a prayer, hymns (including Kipling’s ‘Recessional’ or ‘Lest we forget’) and a dedication that concludes with the fourth verse of Laurence Binyon’s For the Fallen:

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.”

The last post is then played, and this is followed by a minute’s silence and the reveille. A brief address follows, after which the hymn ‘Recessional’ is sung. The service concludes with a prayer and the singing of the national anthem. Every ANZAC Day ceremony held around the world will include some or all of these elements.

ANZAC Day dawn service, Christchurch 2010


It’s all happening at the Library early tomorrow

library entranceway 048  Tomorrow at 8.30am there will be an unveiling ceremony for the new artwork at the entranceway to the Library. The artwork has been created by Dallas Matoe, a graduate from CPIT’s Bachelor of Design in Visual Art (2012). The commission for the artwork was a combined project from the Library, Te Puna Wānaka and Art and Design Departments.

 The design is based on a traditional Māori entranceway. Come and see for yourself and take part in the ceremony. It would be great to see you there.

 Heoi anō tāku mō nāianei

ANZAC Day 2013: New Zealand & the Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (V.C.)

The Victoria Cross is the highest military award for valour that may be bestowed on a member of the New Zealand armed forces. The VC was introduced on 29 January 1856 by Queen Victoria to honour acts of valour during the Crimean War. Since then, the medal has been awarded 1,357 times to 1,354 individual recipients. Canada, Australia and New Zealand have now developed their own version of the British medal system. Gallantry awards were developed with the premier award of each system, the VC for Australia, the Canadian VC and the VC for New Zealand being created and named in honour of the Victoria Cross.

A total of 21 (British) Victoria Crosses and one Bar have been awarded to New Zealanders.

The first, and to date, only award of the Victoria Cross for New Zealand was made to Corporal Bill (Willie) Apiata, NZSAS, on 2 July 2007.

Perhaps our most famous V.C. recipient is Captain Charles Hazlitt Upham, V.C. & Bar, a Christchuch land surveyor, who was awarded a Victoria Cross for valour during the Crete campaign of 1941. He received  a second award (or Bar) for action in the North African campaign (1942) and was also recommended for a third award, again for the North African campaign(1942). He is one of only three soldiers to have been awarded the V.C. twice. A very modest man, he always claimed that the V.C. & Bar were for all New Zealand soldiers, as he saw many instances of equal or greater valour.

An excellent book about Upham is  Mark of the Lion, by Kenneth Sandford

see also:


The most recent V.C. holder is Corporal Bill (Willie) Apiata, V.C., NZSAS, who received his V.C. for New Zealand  in Afghanistan. He is the first recipient of this award and only the 14th Commonwealth soldier since 1945 to receive the Victoria Cross.

The book Willie Apiata-VC- The reluctant hero, by Paul Little looks at his early life and his military service leading up to the award.

The Victoria Cross for New Zealand (VC) obverse view
The Victoria Cross for New Zealand (VC)

For more information about the Victoria Cross check out the following site:

Tutorials for Trades students at Sullivan Ave Campus

construction  F ind here printable PDF tutorials and videos  for Trades students at Sullivan Ave Campus:

Finding a standard in the Standards New Zealand database

Using Primo Library Search to find books & dvds 

Using  Primo Library Search to find and print from an e-book

Using Primo Library Search to request a book

Two short videos on how to use the Self Check machine at Sullivan Ave Library

Issuing books

Returning books

For tutors

Linking To Library eResources

How do I find Standards in Standards New Zealand database?

1. Begin at or Google CPIT Library

2.  Select Subject guides & Databases in the bottom right of the screen.


3. Under General select All databases


4.       a. Select S

databases s

           b. Select Standards New Zealand

standards 2

5.  Use your normal CPIT username and password to login if you are off campus.


6. In the search box type keywords or the number of your Standard if known e.g. 3604


7. Press Enter on your keyboard or select GO.

8. Click on the link to your Standard e.g. NZS 3604:2011


9. Click on View PDF to open your Standard.


10.  You can now print off your Standard


Printable instructions for  using Standards New Zealand  – PDF.

N.B. : The PDFs will only open from Standards New Zealand if you access them via the Library’s link to the Databases – Standards New Zealand

For further assistance with Standards

ANZAC Day 2013: What is ANZAC Day?

Anzac Cove, Gallipoli
Anzac Cove, Gallipoli

Anzac Day occurs on 25 April. It commemorates all New Zealanders killed in war and also honours returned servicemen and women.


The date itself marks the anniversary of the landing of New Zealand and Australian soldiers – the Anzacs – on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. The aim was to capture the Dardanelles, the gateway to the Bosphorus and the Black Sea. At the end of the campaign, Gallipoli was still held by its Turkish defenders.

Thousands lost their lives in the Gallipoli campaign: 87,000 Turks, 44,000 men from France and the British Empire.  Among the dead were 2721 New Zealanders, almost one in four of those who served on Gallipoli.

It may have led to a military defeat, but for many New Zealanders then and since, the Gallipoli landings meant the beginning of something else – a feeling that New Zealand had a role as a distinct nation, even as it fought on the other side of the world in the name of the British Empire.

Anzac Day was first marked in 1916. The day has gone through many changes since then. The ceremonies that are held at war memorials up and down New Zealand, or in places overseas where New Zealanders gather, remain rich in tradition, ritual and sombre remembrance.

For information about ANZAC remembrance services:

The Friends of Linwood cemetery have organised their annual commemorative ANZAC service for Sunday 21st April, see the following link for details:

Christchurch City Council sponsored dawn service:

or: from the Returned Services Association (RSA):

ANZAC Day 2013: The ANZAC biscuit

Anzac20BiscuitCan there be anything more Kiwi than the classic Anzac biscuit. Not as popular lore has it, the name of a biscuit sent to New Zealand soldiers at Gallipoli – or not under this name anyway. Research has discovered that the name “Anzac biscuit” was not used until late 1918, after the Great War had ended. Prior to this, biscuits using the classic ingredients (oats/flour/coconut/golden syrup) were sent to Australian and New Zealand soldiers serving overseas under the name “Oatina biscuits”. Anzac biscuits have therefore been a staple treat sent to our soldiers from the First World War right up to the present.

Here is my family recipe (from a 1924 recipe book, sent to my great grandfather during the War), these are thin, sweet, golden biscuits, crisp at first but becoming a little chewier after a couple of days in a tin.
1 cup plain rolled oats
3/4 cup flour
1 cup sugar
1 cup coconut
4 oz butter (115g)
2 tablespoons golden syrup
1 teaspoon bicarbonate of soda
2 tablespoon boiling water

Combine oats, flour, sugar and coconut. Combine butter and golden syrup in a pan, stir with a wooden spoon until melted. Mix bi-carb with water, add to the butter and golden syrup, stir. Add to the dry mix and stir till moistened. Take dollops of mix and put on lightly greased trays, or use baking paper. Cook one tray at a time at 180C (350F) for 10-15 mins. Cool on a rack and place in airtight tin. The butter and golden syrup help the biscuits to spread. Enjoy!

ANZAC Day 2013: The Forgotten General: Major General Andrew Russell

Major General Andrew Hamilton Russell

Although many people will know of Lieutenant General Bernard Freyburg, of Second World War fame, not many are familiar with another great New Zealand military leader, Major General Andrew Russell.

Russell was born on 23 February 1868 in Napier, New Zealand.  He was sent to England to be educated, at Twyford school, Harrow, and then at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst. After service in India, Russell moved back to New Zealand to become a sheep farmer.  Russell soon became active in the nascent New Zealand territorial force, forming the Hawke’s Bay Mounted Rifle Volunteers. By 1914 he commanded the Wellington mounted Rifle Regiment as a Colonel.

Russell served with great valour and distinction at Gallipoli, and was promoted to command the New Zealand Division in France from mid 1916. During his period of command the New Zealand division became known as one of the premier fighting units on the Western Front, partially through his inspired leadership.

Russell was one of the few generals in the British army to display innovation and tactical skill in the First World War. He brought to his command the practical experience of a working farm manager combined with an understanding of men, and a broad study of military history and tactics. Thinking things through was one of his strengths and his range of interests gave him the ability always to see the bigger picture. Field Marshal Haig, who was a great admirer of Russell, offered him command of a British corps – the only Dominion commander to be so asked – but he diplomatically declined in order to stay with the New Zealanders.

Largely overlooked by New Zealand, General Russell deserves far greater recognition for the skill and dedication he brought to his command. For further information about General Russell see the following site:

There is also an excellent documentary about Russell which is being screened at 8.30pm Sunday 21st April on Prime television.


NASDA presents The Laramie Project and Pornography

Continuing on Claire’s play theme from the previous post –

In E block, CPIT’s 2nd year NASDA students are performing two plays this week:


The Moisés Kaufman play The Laramie Project, which is a breathtaking theatrical collage that explores the depths to which humanity can sink and the heights of compassion of which we are capable.


Pornography explores the use of sensitive images surrounding a number of events in London 2005, such as the London terrorist attacks.

Both are running from the 13 – 19 April, CPIT students and staff $12.

Book online on the NASDA website

Both plays are in our Library Collection : The Laramie Project and Pornography is in The Methuen Drama book of twenty-first century British plays.

The play’s the thing

In 1952, a play opened in London’s West End. This is not unusual – plays open there every week. This one, however, is something special. 60-odd years and over 25,000 performances later, it is still running – Agatha Christie’s The Mousetrap, the world’s longest running play.

Performance counter 






 The performance counter at St Martins Theatre, London, shortly before the play hit the 25,000-performance mark



Tonight, Canterbury Repertory Theatre’s production of The Mousetrap  opens, giving Christchurch theatregoers (and a fair few from further afield) a chance to see this piece of theatre history.

There’s a few interesting quirks associated with The Mousetrap:

Traditionally, only two productions of the play can run simultaneously – and with one tied up in London, that doesn’t leave many for the rest of the world! So see it while you can…

Agatha Christie gave the rights to the play to her grandson for his ninth birthday. He might not have appreciated it then, but I’m sure he does now.

Audiences are asked not to reveal the identity of the murderer after they have left the theatre, and for many years the script was a closely guarded secret. It is available now, but has apparently still not been published in the UK.