Māori Land Court Minute Book Index now free online

Once you have used the MLCMBI to find the Minute Books with the information you need you need to locate a library that holds the Minute Books you need. In Christchurch, you can locate some Minute Books at Christchurch City Libraries  especially for the South Island.

However if you need to access the full range of Minute Books for Aotearoa New Zealand, you can visit the Macmillan Brown Library at University of Canterbury who permit access to the general public. Note: You can also use your Ara student ID card to borrow books from any of the University of Canterbury libraries. You will need to talk to University of Canterbury library staff to get set up with borrowing privileges there.

Also every regional office of the Māori Land Court has a full set of Minute Books for all of Aotearoa New Zealand. Generally they supply up to 10 pages of information for free and apply printing charges for more than 10 pages.



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World Chocolate Day today


[Image: CC0 – Public Domain – Pixabay]

Guest blog by Rose Edgar, Advisor – Student Disability Services

I have a problem….a chocolate problem. More often than not I am at Café X buying a chocolate Danish. It has become so regular that they even said “they would put one aside for me” each morning to make sure I don’t miss out.

Talking to others, it seems a lot of us have “a problem” when it comes to chocolate. Whether it’s a Danish, those awesome cookies from Countdown, or a straight up chocolate bar, we love the stuff.

Today is world chocolate day and while we may love it, what do we actually know about chocolate? A quick Wikipedia search on “chocolate” will give you all you need to know (yes, yes I know, Wikipedia is not the most ‘legitimate’ of sites, but come on, we all use it).

Chocolate is made with seeds of the Cacao tree – that’s right, it is totally a salad! The seeds are dried and fermented to create cocoa beans. This is ground, melted and processed into 2 parts and with the addition of sugar, milk solids, and oil, becomes the sweet chocolate we are familiar with.

Two thirds of chocolate production occurs in West Africa and contributes as a source of income for 50 million people. However, production of chocolate has been the subject of criticism as it is linked to child labour and slavery. Even with the increase in demand for chocolate products, farmers are still receiving less than fair pay and perpetuating child labour. This has become a huge ethical issue and many companies are now making sure their products are fair trade.

Some of you may have heard of the company Trade Aid. They sell many fair trade products, including chocolate! Even better, the chocolate is made right here in Christchurch at the Sweet Justice Chocolate Factory! Whittakers chocolate also has fair trade certification for their Creamy Milk and Dark Ghana 250g blocks.

So next time you are looking to get your chocolate fix, maybe think about switching to fair trade, or researching if your favourite chocolate is fair trade. As for me, I will be checking up at the café to see where the chocolate in my much needed Danish is coming from.

Check the shelf location TX767.C5 in the Library for more chocolatey inspiration.


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Celebrating Culture: The 4th of July

It is nearing that time of year again – the 4th of July or Independence Day in America. It is perhaps that country’s most important holiday. On 4 July 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed and it is seen as the birth of the United States of America as an independent nation.

In the US the 4th of July is celebrated in three major ways: fireworks, football and barbeques. All the big US cities will have grand fireworks displays and the major ones in Boston and New York are usually broadcast live on television as well. Many people also fire off their own backyard fireworks displays.

American football can seem a bit alien to Kiwis but it is actually a lot of fun to play. It is usual for an extended American family to either play a game or watch football on the television on July the 4th.

The barbeque is an American tradition on the 4th of July If there is one day in the year where it’s normal to see every house along a suburban street having a barbeque in their garden, it will be on the 4th of July.

The classic American cookout usually consists of a few essential dishes. The burger is the most important. People will grill their burgers (preferably as thick and juicy as possible) on the barbeque and then have a table set up with soft white burger rolls, lettuce, tomato, ketchup, crispy bacon and all the toppings imaginable. Also popular are grilled frankfurters wrapped in streaky bacon.

Add lots of side dishes: salads (potato, pasta, coleslaw), Boston Baked Beans, pickles and lots and lots of corn: be it steamed, cooked on the barbeque, creamed or in a salad (Succotash). For dessert, festive cupcakes, apple pie, velvet cake and peach cobbler are popular.

This coming 4th of July why not get a group of friends together and celebrate the all American way…have a BBQ and play a game of football and make sure to say ‘Happy 4th of July’ to any American of your acquaintance.


America: The Cookbook, Gabrielle Langholtz, (2017): TX715LAN

The rules of American Football: https://www.thoughtco.com/football-101-the-basics-of-football-1333784

The National Football League (NFL): https://www.nfl.com/

Delish: 22 All American eats for 4th July: https://www.delish.com/holiday-recipes/g550/fourth-july-classic-recipes/

Womans Day: The ultimate 4th July menu for your summer cookout: https://www.womansday.com/food-recipes/food-drinks/g3008/4th-of-july-menu/

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Endnote – A smart way to store your references

What is Endnote?

Endnote is special software you can download at Ara to help you collect, use and re-use a large number of references.

Who should use Endnote?

Endnote is mainly useful for postgraduate students or students who are embarking on indepth research over an extended period of time. If you only need a small number of references for your assignments then it might be more useful to use the APA referencing guide for Ara students

Where can I find Endnote?

You can find where to download Endnote to your own device on the Library website at https://www.ara.ac.nz/services-and-support/library/endnote

How do I use Endnote?

You can watch this 5 minute video to get you started quickly.

For those who want to know more, this 25 minute video gives more in depth information.

Where can I use Endnote on Ara computers?

If you want to use Endnote on an Ara computer, it is installed on computers in the Library on City campus, Madras St. Christchurch in L130 (the Pod), L131, L247, L248 and L249.

See staff in the Library if you have any questions.

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The FIFA World Cup is on!

Guest blog by Silvia Santos (Mathematics Learning Advisor)

Quick FIFA facts

  • This football tournament of men’s national teams takes place every 4 years.
  • The FIFA World Cup 2018 is taking place in Russia.
  • It started on 14 June and goes on for a whole month.
  • The 11 cities where the matches are taking place are Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Volgograd, Ekaterinburg, Saransk, Kazan, Samara, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-don and Sochi.
  • Russia is nine hours behind New Zealand, which means most matches are overnight for us here.
  • The final match will be played on 15 July in Moscow.
  • Thirty-two teams are playing in 12 different venues across Russia.
  • Four years ago, 3.2 billion people watched the FIFA World Cup Brazil, and one billion people watched the final.
  • The current champion is Germany.

Unfortunately, the All Whites (New Zealand national team) missed out. They lost to Peru last November, so did not qualify to go to Russia. But we are represented in the team of  36 officials by Matthew Conger who is refereeing the Iceland / Nigeria clash.

The teams with most victories so far are Brazil (5), Italy (4), Germany (4), Uruguay (2), Argentina (2), England (1), Spain (1), and France (1).


Academic Support at Ara celebrated the start of the World Cup on the 14 June with international food, and a light competition: we created a board with the flags of nations we are supporting. The team with the most picks is Brazil, followed by England, Germany, Argentina, Australia and Portugal.

For more information check out the site https://www.fifa.com/worldcup/



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International Day of Yoga, 21 June


Guest blog courtesy of Kotte

If you practice yoga often, you may agree with me on these five reasons we love yoga!

The number of reasons of why you should give yoga a go are endless. I hope that at least one of these five inspires you.

1- Breath; our breath is the fuel for our body to work, food is also, but breath…breath is the key for your systems to work in a harmonious way. By practicing yoga, you are teaching your body awareness of the breath, a lesson that you will eventually take with you everywhere.

2-Body; inflexibility is the most common reason people tell me as to why they have not tried yoga, however this should be one of the reasons you practice yoga. Whether you run, swim, do other sports, yoga will complement everything! It is the balance that your body needs for both, strength and restoration processes.

3- Mind; once you are aware of your thoughts you have the power to change them. Some of us have been victims of our thoughts and prisoners’ of our minds. From the process of discovering my body and breath through yoga, I also was also discovering the mind and learning to take control back. Bad thoughts do come but I am now aware and I can choose what is true and right and what is not, before I had zero control. Yoga teaches you to know yourself, it forces you, there is no other way, facing yourself is the way.

4- Union; the word yoga means Union. Practicing yoga will allow you to explore the Union of mind body and breath, but also of community. There is a reason why we practice yoga together – we build global consciousness. Whilst we live the process individually, we also do it collectively, which brings more empathy and kindness, and when we learn individual kindness we are able to spread it like a cold!

5- Practice; yoga is not a sport, or a game. Yoga is a practice. This means that every day will be different. Are you able to detach from the expectation that because you touched your toes on Tuesday it must happen today, Friday? Let that go! Yoga is not about that! Yoga is about finding kindness and acceptance and that today your fingers do not need to touch your toes. That is your yoga.

Read more about the International Day of Yoga and this years’ theme – yoga for peace.

Kotte runs some yoga classes here at Ara, to learn more follow this link.

Cat yoga




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Matariki – Celebrate the Māori New Year at Ara – 11-15 June 2018

Matariki is a traditional time for many iwi (Māori tribes) to celebrate the beginning of each new year. The Matariki star cluster is more commonly known throughout the world as Pleiades or Messier 45 (M45). In Hawaii, it is known as Makali’i and in Japan it is called Subaru. Eventhough Matariki is close to Earth it is still 440 light years away. According to Te Papa’s website, this means that, if you could drive a car at a speed of 100 kilometres an hour, you would arrive at Matariki in 4.8 billion years!

Many iwi talk about the seven Matariki stars being Matariki, the mother and her six daughters, Tupu-a-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā and Ururangi. Te Papa has information on one of the most popular legends of Matariki and the six sisters.

You can see Matariki from early June before sunrise. Why not come along to the Dawn rising – Celestial observation on Friday 15 June and join other Ara students and staff on top of the Port Hills to see Matariki rising on the eastern horizon.

In the Library on Wednesday 13 June look out for our Matariki star making   lunchtime activities.

See Ara’s schedule of events for more Matariki magic on our campuses. For events in the wider community see Christchurch City Libraries Matariki blogpost.

Resources on Matariki in our library include:

Hakaraia, L. (2006). Celebrating Matariki . Auckland [N.Z.]: Reed.

Hakaraia, L. (2004). Matariki : the Māori New Year . Auckland [N.Z.]: Reed Pub.

Hakaraia, L. (2008). Te kāhui o Matariki : contemporary Māori art of Matariki. North Shore, N.Z.: Raupo.

Matamua, R. (2017). Matariki : the star of the year. Wellington: Huia.

Rolleston-Cummins, T. (2008). The seven stars of Matariki. Wellington, N.Z.: Huia.


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